challenges of federalism in nepal

Surya Dhungel, a Nepali university professor and constitutional expert, explains that ... Part Three: The promise of and challenges for federalism-The Quest for Federalism. The text is arranged according to major institutional themes, while also … The roles of regulatory agencies must be expanded to monitor drug quality and procurement practises at all levels of government. One of the great successes of Nepal’s path to federalism has been the quantity of financial resources that has been shifted from the central (now federal) government level to the local government level, making Nepal the most decentralized country in South Asia. It seems a daunting task at present; however, in the long run, it will be sustainable and beneficial to the people of the country. The district health offices can be restructured to provide technical assistance to the local governments, especially on programme monitoring, evaluation, supply chain management and performance. When it comes to economic challenges, the implementation of the new federal structure is considered to be costly, as Nepal is supposed to set up a new administrative as well as physical infrastructure. The challenges are not easy and solutions are not free from controversies3. Constituent Assembly of Nepal is presently struggling hard to come up with an acceptable federal, democratic and republic draft constitution. Dear reader, we’d like to hear from you. We have posted some information, facts about the Federal System of Government in Nepal. But if it is not well managed, it will backfire on us and the nation will suffer for generations to come. Challenges to the Federalism in Nepal: Federalism in spite of being a democratic governmental mechanism will face some challenges. Besides, there are several challenges too. National commitment to federalism has been incorporated in the interim constitution. What’s worse, the addition of multiple layers, with decentralised procurement of health commodities and equipment, increases the chances of inefficient buying or corruption. The Challenge For Federalism. To focus on and promote healthcare services in local units, the district health offices were first removed from the new structure. The other major change in the new structure is an increase in procurement units for health commodities, such as drugs and equipment, which is due to the addition of local governments, and the increased layers in supply chain management (for example, in the cold storage and transportation of vaccines). Federalism of some sort is certain, but its nature – ethnic or geographical – and the details of how to carve out states are not yet agreed. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Shakya is a consultant in the procurement and supply chain management of health commodities and systems. Persuasive essay college tuition of in federalism essay Challenges nepal the tragedy of romeo and juliet final argument essay: my mother essay writing in marathi. Apparently, most of the political leaders say that Nepal needed federalism for decentralization of the political and administrative powers concentrated in Singha Durbar and Kathmandu. Programmes remain unimplemented or partially implemented due to the federal government’s failure to transfer power, with clarity, to the provincial and local governments. As Nepal progress towards the federalized health system, we propose that the challenges inherent with the transition are critically analysed and mitigated while unfolding the potential of federal health system. It envisioned federalism as a prominent feature for a new Nepal. weakness, gaps and contradictions in the discourse on federalism in Nepal and some reasons for the failure to restructure Nepal as a federal state. Moreover, oversight is required to streamline and optimise procurement orders so that there are no unnecessary wastages and leakages occur. 1st CA State Restructuring Commission v/s decision of 2nd CA 2. But for this to work, the government at all tiers have to focus on plans and activities that aim to solve the aforementioned challenges. If we use it properly it will help in proper utilisation of the unused resources and help to reduce the level of poverty and inequality. So, the primary objective of the researcher is to review the power sharing modality existing in the new constitution on different sectors and areas of the state machinery. We can't ignore the federal system of governance in Nepal challenges and opportunities. Similarly, budgetary decisions and program implementation has been divvied up; the local level is responsible for a bulk of the responsibilities. With the transition from a unitary structure to a federal structure, there are many opportunities as well as challenges that lies ahead to Nepal. While the challenges are many, the decentralisation of healthcare also has the potential to benefit all Nepalis. The transfer of staff from federal employment to other tiers continues to be contentious. The only way forward in order to strengthen the health system in the federal context is to empower the local level government to manage and provide quality health services and to take ownership of the health programmes. The challenges to the Nepalese federalism can be discussed as below; i. Nepal being a multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multi-cultural state, has survived with a … However, this system was not able to achieve the development goals of the country and has been described as an "exclusive form of rule" by its critics. They used to manage services in districts and manage all health facilities, but they are now sort of defunct. Despite the hot issue of federalism, the challenges to implement of federal system in Nepal are a tough part. High-quality Research Support (HQRS) Programme 8 This system is new for South Asian country Nepal. Further, support must be given to local governments to strengthen their capacity to manage health programmes and logistics. There are many challenges and opportunities in the federal system of governance in Nepal. Immediate attention is required to make these offices active again. in Nepal. The main purpose of dividing Nepal into federal state is to end discrimination based on class, caste, language, sex, culture, religion and region by eliminating the centralization of authority. Furthermore, mechanisms for the allocation and distribution of adequate financial and natural resources among provinces are yet to be built. This system lacks clear direction, capacity, and clarity to drive health programmes. In the context of Nepal, federalism is a double edged sword. The newly created 753 local governments will now oversee 4,000 plus health facilities. Nepal is in the process of finalization of federal structures and this presentation bring different dimensions of federalization process and challenges in Nepal No caption available +3 Essay bp video good comments for essays. The amendment was the first document to bring forward the idea, officially, that Nepal was to be a federal democratic republic. The coordination between the three levels of government must be seamless. Please send your letters to tkpoped@kmg.com.np with "Letter to the Editor" in the subject line. The coordination between the three levels of government must be seamless, for one. Accordingly, Nepal is undergoing the process of restructuring through federal recasting and redesigning of the state. Although there are some challenges of the federal system in Nepal and Nepali is ready to face the challenges of the federal system in Nepal. Nepal is based on Unitary System of governance ever since the great unification by Late P.N. Nepal is a country with geographical diversity. Nepal has a population of more than 26 million people, made up of over 40 different races and tribes. Nepal and India: Interdependence dynamics, Focus on domestic travellers during the pandemic makes tourism sector rethink its clientele base, How a rudderless Congress became an ally in communist regime’s folly, A party, two chairs and attempts to turn the tables, Buddha Air plans to fly to remote areas could be a game changer in domestic aviation, experts say, Nepal’s infrastructure development aspirations build pressure on its existing green cover. Of course, the transition to federalism requires years to unfold and many challenges remain, however this process is essential for the realization of the commitments to equality and inclusion of the government of Nepal. But some of the changes could have been avoided if the transition was properly planned. In the United States, we also face tremendous challenges in serving large, rural communities outside of major population centers, among other problems. The Constitution promulgated on September 20, 2015 has, indeed, laid out the design for a federation. This means that the populations . The hardest issues are yet to be decided. We regularly publish letters to the editor on contemporary issues or direct responses to something the Post has recently published. In September 2015, Nepal’s Constituent Assembly passed a new constitution aimed at transforming Nepal from a unitary country into a federal republic with three levels of government: the federation, the province, and the local level. ›üSç(=e œìР(©W®+×5SB9ù£ÂýB|!Ž‡õUÖWY_e}•õU¥¿Úý™ð„~¢SÇÇÇÇÇÇÒ/K¿,ý²ôËOˆ'ēŸãw-¥P*e×{Êî÷ô=!_…|òUr×3>òUÈW!„òWÈ_!…üòWÈ_!…üòWxŽ„òLÈ3!¿…ü–Øý!Žç. Civil law family essay apple inc essay conclusion. Another and related goal of the constitution is to create an egalitarian society by ending social discrimination. But after facing the challenges of the federal system in Nepal, We will get benefits of the federal system in Nepal. With the new governance structure, accountability has also been divided among the three tiers. Three years after the introduction of a new federal constitution, 2019 is going to be a critical year for fiscal federalism in Nepal. Specifically, the move towards federalism should provide all Nepalis, whether urban or rural, equal access to government-provided health services. But the roles and responsibilities of these health offices are not very clear; all health facilities previously handled by the district health offices now report to their respective local level governments. Do you underline book titles in typed essay. A main challenges for federalism identified by political scientists is that is the population of federal states give their loves to their sub-national government rather the state. To be sure, the entire health system has to go through major changes, and implementing these isn’t easy. “Nepal’s success with federalism will be measured by not only how well the Government manages the challenges associated with the transition to federalism but also by the quality of services provided to citizens,” stated Mr. Faris Hadad-Zervos, World Bank Country Manager for Nepal. As long as the capacity is strengthened, the opportunity to enhance service delivery is there—local participation and accountability in the process will push healthcare forward. In Chapter 2, Seira Tamang argues that the debate on federalism is illustrative of the overall weak and limited nature of the discourse on rights in Nepal … Specifically, the move towards federalism should provide all Nepalis, whether urban or rural, equal access to government-provided health services. Thus, the constitution of Nepal 2015, formally declared the country a “Federal Democratic Republic” in which powers are shared between the central government, province and local level. Nepal is a country having 8, 48,848 kilometers squire comparing to a state of India. Shah. It is a very delicate and complex task to redesign the state structures in line with the norms and principles of federalism. The challenges lie within the conflicts that the concept of federalism has brought with it. The reinstated health offices in districts do not have a clear mandate of functions like before. In the aftermath of the 2007 People's Movement, the 240 years of monarchy was abolished with 5th amendment of the Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2007. Staff morale has gone down. Challenges for Implementation and potential source of conflict 1. This paper focuses on the federal structure, demography, power sharing between the provincial and local level, opportunities and challenges of federalism in Nepal. Local-level elections were held in 2017, but it wasn’t until mid-2018 that the federal structure started taking shape. Nepal should set its priorities straight in terms of challenges related to the implementation of federalism, and this must be with regard to the country’s border security and economic policy. Nepal has been practising unitary form of government since unification by Prithvi Narayan Shah. Please include your name, location, and a contact address so one of our editors can reach out to you. Two years after Nepal’s 2015 Constitution established federalism, the country is now challenged with how to operationalize the federal structure … NeAt present about 28 countries of the world is having the federal system. Federalism in Nepal is important to secure identity crisis of many suppressed groups. The voice of federalism was first heard in Madhes … Keywords: federalism, opportunities, challenges, democracy, Nepal . Nepal as a federal republic. This adds to the value of belonging and at the same time secures national interest. Get here a post about the Federal System of Government in Nepal. Federalism is the theory or advocacy of such an order, including principles for dividing final authority between member units and the common institutions.” Why we need Federalism in Nepal ? One of the most important challenges that Nepal currently faces is the management of various fiscal aspects under federal structure for successful implementation of Federalism. Naming and demarcation: 1. In a world of multi-ethnic, multi-cultural plural societies, federal political systems face new political challenges. federalism in Nepal 1. Federalism and the Constitution of Nepal: 30 Questions and Answers answers to a number of essential political questions related to the design and establishment of the Federal Republic of Nepal. Nepal, which is going on federal structure have several reasons. Background: It is assumed that the main aspect of the Constitution of Nepal promulgated on September 20, 2015 is the transfer of power from central/federal to the provincial and local government. Yet, in many sectors, including health, the transition has been ongoing. In the current context, putting all the health facilities under local level governance poses a major challenge, with limited staff and skills to manage health programmes. After many delays and amidst much drama, Nepal’s new constitution is due in two weeks. However, after some alleged public outcry, the offices were reinstated. pal. Question and Challenges. Nepal’s 2072 Federal Constitution: What are the implications for governance of the agricultural sector? The coordination among the three levels of government has been lacking. Local-level governments themselves act as mini-ministries, with health being a component. One such issue has been the continuation of the district health offices. While the challenges are many, the decentralisation of healthcare also has the potential to benefit all Nepalis. For academics to share research papers to you whether urban or rural, equal access to health. Many, the move towards federalism should provide all Nepalis, whether urban or rural, equal access government-provided... Many suppressed groups v/s decision of 2nd CA 2 system in Nepal we! And promote healthcare services in districts and manage all health facilities and redesigning of the world is having the system! 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